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Ways of adapting to periods of drought thrifty cattle farming systems based on grazing

Paru en 2007 dans Fourrages n°191 (page 297 à 310)

Auteurs : Faidherbe L.

Co-auteurs : Deborde I., Hasnaoui N., Lusson J.M., Morineau J.

Mots-clefs : gestion des prairies, système fourrager, gestion du pâturage, gestion des parcours, association végétale, sécheresse, exploitation agricole, mélange fourrager, Vendée, Languedoc-Roussillon, Poitou-Charentes, autonomie, Aude

Résumé :

Some ruminant-livestock farmers with systems using very little inputs are associated in groups called Civam; their systems are based on the gazing of legume/grass mixtures, particularly in Western France, or of range lands farther south, putting to use derelict natural areas. In all cases, atypical climatic events were observed lately, so that new strategies have had to be contemplated for the management of their farming system. The different groups of farmers have had to experiment various devices in order to adapt to the new climatic conditions, according to their own context and strategies: adapted sward composition, modified grazing management, greater use of spring-made forage stores, silage making from cereal mixtures, utilization of range lands, adapted stock-rearing systems and animal breeds… These practices do provide solutions, but do also raise extra costs: sowings, harvests, larger forage stores. These adaptations are subject to a refined analysis in two contrasted situations: a collective (‘GAEC’) dairy farm in Vendée, and a beef cattle farm in the Corbières Mountains, Aude.

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